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A reminder to all our IACL Blog readers that it is still possible to submit an abstract to the World Congress. Submissions of proposals to the Workshop will be open until 30 March 2018. A list of the World Congress’ workshops can be found here. More detail about submitting a proposal is available here. We look forward to reading your proposals!
Over the next few weeks, the IACL Blog will be featuring the different workshops that the World Congress will be hosting. This blog post features Workshop #10: Children in Violent Conflict Zones.
WORKSHOP #10 – Children in Violent Conflict Zones
Selin Esen (Turkey/Turquie) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Rainer Arnold (Germany/Allemagne) (Jean.email@example.com)
Proposal submissions due by 30 March 2018.
As a vulnerable category children suffer on a greater degree on violent conflicts. 2017 was not a good year for children caught in conflicts. They are directly or indirectly targeted. They are killed, injured, recruited to fight, forced into labor, abducted, and sexually abused. They are deprived of the right to education and the right to health due to direct and physical attacks to schools and hospitals, or forced closure or the disrupted functioning of these institutions.
Annual report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the UN for Children and Armed Conflict, published on 8 January 2018, indicates another issue: the politicization of the provision of humanitarian access for the delivery of aid. In recent years, the denial of humanitarian access to children in armed conflict has become a more prevalent violation.
A new report by Save the children claims that one in every six children are now living in a global conflict zone. A number of the children living in a conflict zone has increased more than 75 percent since early 1990s. Children are more at risk in conflict now than at any time in the last 20 years. The nature of modern conflict is changing in a way that often protects soldiers more than civilians. This report explains an increase in reported severe violations against children mainly due to the crisis of compliance, lack of monitoring and reporting, increase in urban warfare and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas as well as increased conflict intensity, duration and complexity.
According to Unicef, in 2017, in Afghanistan, almost 700 children were killed in the first 9 months of the year. In eastern Ukraine, 220,000 children lived under constant threat of mines and other explosive remnants of war. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, violence has driven 850,000 children from their homes, while more than 200 health centers and 400 schools were attacked. An estimated 350,000 children have suffered from severe acute malnutrition. In Nigeria and Cameroon, Boko Haram has forced at least 135 children to act as suicide bombers. In Iraq and Syria, children have reportedly been used as human shields, trapped under siege, targeted by snipers and lived through intense bombardment and violence. In Myanmar, Rohingya children suffered and witnessed shocking and widespread violence as they were attacked and driven from their homes. In South Sudan more than 19,000 children have been recruited into armed forces and armed groups, and over 2,300 children have been killed or injured since 2013. In Somalia, 1,740 cases of child recruitment were reported in the first 10 months of 2017. In Yemen, nearly 1,000 days of fighting left at least 5,000 children dead or injured. More than 11 million children need humanitarian assistance. Out of 1.8 million children suffering from malnutrition, 385,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of death if not urgently treated.
This factual data illustrates the gravity and versatility of the issue.
We invite researchers and students from different relevant disciplines to participate in the workshop in order to discuss different aspects of children in violent conflict zones and stimulate new thinking and new approaches.
Issues to be addressed including the following:
We invite scholars to submit their abstracts (in English or French) by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. More information about submitting a paper can be found here. The final date for submission of proposals to the Workshops will be 30 March 2018.