a network of constitutionalists from countries throughout the world
Over the coming days, we are featuring each of the 20 workshops in the 10th IACL World Congress 2018 on “VIOLENT CONFLICTS, PEACE-BUILDING AND CONSTITUTIONAL LAW”, being held in Seoul, Republic of Korea on 18-22 June 2018. Full details are on the congress website, in English and French, along with information on how to submit a paper. Papers may be in either French or English.
Violent conflicts have a significant negative impact on civilians. However, as a vulnerable category children suffer on a greater degree. They are subject to grave human rights violations including being killed or maimed, recruited to military forces, abducted, forced into labor, and sexual abuse. Children in conflict zones are deprived of accessing basic services and enjoying many rights, such as food, water, proper accommodation, health, and education. In situations of armed conflict the integrity of household and local community are commonly threatened, leading to the loss of familiar domestic environments.
International and domestic law provide a legal shield regarding the rights and the protection of children in cases of violent conflict. International law, in particular the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, establishes a recognized framework for the protection of children which is complemented by three Facultative Protocols.
This Convention has been adopted by nearly all of the UN member states. In addition to international conventions a country’s constitutional law may safeguard the rights and the protection of children at the national level and be implemented by specific legislation.
This workshop intends to explore the rights and the protection of children in violent conflict zones both in international and national constitutional law. Issues to be addressed including the following: